It can be described as involuntary muscle contractions that are not coordinated with other muscles or as stiff muscles which resist passive movement; it can also refer to a wide range of involuntary muscle spasms.
Spasticity may also produce feelings of pain or tightness in and around joints, and can cause low back pain.
It is a condition in which muscle tone becomes greatly increased. Muscle tone is what enables people to move limbs or hold a position therefore people with this kind of spasticity can indeed stand up strongly however walking itself can be laboured.
What causes spasticity?
The regulation of muscles is a complex, finely controlled and delicate mechanism which involves the brain sending information to the muscles and receiving sensory feedback from them.
Spasticity can be very painful and, depending on the affected muscles, can result in an uncoordinated gait, stiff or deformed posture and shortening of the range of limb movement. It can be a permanent feature or brought on by a variety of factors such as fatigue, heat, humidity or infection or by sudden movements or position changes; it can even be triggered by tight clothing.
Other symptoms related to spasticity are :-
Spasms - powerful uncontrollable muscle contractions which can be extremely painful and can be triggered in many ways e.g. coughing, sneezing or a full bladder
Contracture - when muscles become shortened and fix a limb in one position
How is spasticity treated or managed?
It is important to understand that left untreated, spasticity can lead to serious complications, including contractures i.e. frozen or immobilized joints and pressure sores.
Treatment by physiotherapy
Because spasticity varies so much from person to person, it should be treated on an individual basis by a personal physiotherapist whether it be as a referral from a Neurologist to a hospital physiotherapy department, or a private one.
I have suffered with this since 2004 .I see a neurologist and tried physio ,even tried accupuncture , ouch!